Île-de-France (province)

ÎLe-De-France (Province)

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Île-de-France (province)

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The province of Île-de-France () or Isle de France (as it was once written, as sometimes in English, especially in old publications) is an ancient province of France, and the one at the centre of power during most of French history. The ancient province centred on Paris, the seat of the Crown of France, but it does not map the same territory as the present-day région Île-de-France: some parts of the ancient province now are incorporated in the present-day region of Picardy, whereas other parts of the present-day région Île-de-France are taken from the ancient province of Champagne.

The name Isle de France first appeared in 1387 when the term "France" began to designate territories of the Crown, replacing the pays de France ("pays" means "region/county" as well as "country"). Literally "Island of France", the name was derived from the area's situation with the rivers Seine, Marne, Oise and Beuvronne, which surround it like an island. The name may also inherit from the Frankish Lidle Franke / Lilde Franke, or, "little France". That is, because the "French"/Frankish kings were bilingual until the 12th or 13th century, the Frankish expression may have evolved when Francia ("Franko/n", "Franke", or "Franchonolant" in Frankish) no longer meant the entire Frankish Empire but the smaller West Francia, and later the—even smaller—"Pays de...
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