Suffixes with the common part -phil-
) are used to specify some kind of attraction or affinity to something, in particular the love or obsession with something. They are antonymic
to suffixes -phob-
) may also be used as a prefix with a similar meaning.Philia
(φιλία) as an ancient Greek word for love
refers to brotherly
love, including friendship
. This contrast to the ancient Greek terms Eros
, or sexual
, and agapē
, or detached, spiritual love. English usage differs in some cases from the etymological use, and several of these words refer in English not to brotherly love but to sexual attraction.
The suffix "-phile" (or, in a few cases, -philiac
) applies to someone or something with one of these attractions.
The suffix "-philic" describes the property of being attracted to something.
The less common suffix "-phily" is synonymous with "-philia".
There are five major areas of usage of this suffix: biology
, and attitude to specific nations, with occasional coinage in other areas.