The 100 metres
, or 100-metre dash
, is a sprint race
in track and field
competitions. The shortest common outdoor running distance, it is one of the most popular and prestigious events
in the sport of athletics
. It has been contested at the Summer Olympics
since 1896 (1928 for women). The reigning 100 m Olympic champion is often named "the fastest man/woman in the world".
On an outdoor 400 metres running track
, the 100 m is run on the home straight
, with the start being set on an extension to make it a straight-line race. Runners begin in the starting blocks
and the race begins when an official fires the starter's pistol
. Sprinters typically reach top speed after somewhere between 50–60 m. Their speed then slows progressively towards the finish line.
The 10-second barrier
has historically been a barometer of fast men's performances, while the best female sprinters take eleven seconds or less to complete the race. The current men's world record
is 9.58 seconds, set by Jamaica's Usain Bolt
, while American Florence Griffith-Joyner
holds the women's world record of 10.49 seconds.
The 100 m emerged from the metrication of the 100 yards
(91.4 m), a now defunct distance originally contested in English-speaking countries. The event is largely held outdoors as few indoor facilities have a 100 m straight.
At the start, some athletes play psychological games such as trying... Read More