The 1994 A330 test flight crash occurred on 30 June 1994 when an Airbus A330-300, registration F-WWKH, crashed at Toulouse-Blagnac Airport while undergoing performance tests. It was the first fatal accident involving an Airbus A330 and the first in which an Airbus 330 was lost. It remained the only fatal accident involving an A330 until Air France Flight 447 crashed on 1 June 2009 with 228 fatalities.
The objective of the flight was to test the performance of the aircraft with the center of gravity near its aft limit. Tons of water were carried in bladders in the rear of the aircraft's cabin to move the center of gravity to the desired position. The particular test that led to the crash was a simulated engine failure after takeoff, which meant shutting down one of the aircraft's Pratt & Whitney PW4000 engines and switching off a hydraulic circuit. During the test, the aircraft's autopilot would also be set to fly the plane to an altitude of 2000 feet.
Onboard were three crew and four passengers. Two of the passengers were Airbus employees and two were Alitalia employees selected to observe the A330, which the company was considering buying.
Nicholas Warner (born June 7, 1943 in Colchester, England), chief test pilot and captain. 7,713 flying hours experience.
Michel Cais (born November 4, 1940 in Paris, France), co-pilot. 9,558 flying hours experience.
Jean Pierre Petit (born August 23, 1943 in Boulogne-sur-Mer, France), engineer. 6,225......