The 2006 Superbike World Championship season was the 19th F.I.M.Superbike World Championship season. The season started on February 25 at Losail, and finished on October 8 at Magny-Cours after 12 rounds and 24 races. The original season calendar issued by the FIM included a 13th round scheduled in South Africa on October 22 but the round was cancelled at the request of the Series' promoter FGSport.
2006 saw the return of Australian Troy Bayliss in Superbike World Championship after 3 years in MotoGP. The combination of Bayliss and Ducati proved unstoppable and they dominated the season winning 12 races, 8 of them consecutive. Honda's James Toseland and Yamaha's Noriyuki Haga battled for second with the British rider coming on top. Defending champion Troy Corser on a Suzuki was 4th. The Manufacturers' championship was won by Ducati.