The force was raised as an irregular cavalry regiment to assist with putting down the rebellion, and continued as part of the British Indian Army. The official designation has changed several times since the regiment's inception in 1857. In 1859, the regiment was split up into two regiments which survived broadly as the 9th Bengal Lancers and 10th Bengal Lancers. In 1878, the 10th Bengal Lancers came to be known as the "Duke of Cambridge's own." In 1921, the British decided to cut down on the number of cavalry regiments, and re-amalgamated the two as the 10th Duke of Cambridge's Own Lancers (Hodson's Horse).The regiment fought at the Battle of the Somme and the Battle of Cambrai in the First World War. It still recalls the latter as the regiment's most splendid battle, and celebrates Cambrai Day every year.
The regiment is now an armoured regiment of the post-independence Indian Army.
1857 Hodson’s Horse
1858 2nd Regiment of Hodson’s Horse
1861 10th Regiment of Bengal Cavalry
1864 10th Regiment of Bengal Cavalry (Lancers)
1874 10th Regiment of Bengal Lancers
1878 10th Bengal (Duke of Cambridge’s Own) Lancers
1901 10th (Duke of Cambridge’s Own) Bengal Lancers (Hodson’s Horse)