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The Abd-el-Tif prize was an award for painter artists. Decreed on contest, it was created in 1907 under the impulse of Leonce Bénédite, conservative of the Museum of Luxembourg and Claude Jonnart, general governor of Algeria, in order to make it possible to young talented artists to remain one year or two, sometimes more, with the expenses of the State in the Villa Abd-el-Tif in Algiers.
The Company of the French Orientalist Painters was in charge of the attribution of this award. This villa, contrary to the Villa Medici of Rome, had no director: it was directly managed by the residing artists . This institution contributed to the artistic radiation of Algeria.