Abdullah Fa'izi ad-Daghestani
(Dec. 14, 1891-Sept. 30, 1973) Shaykh of the Naqshbandi
order. He was born in the Caucasian region of Daghestan
(then part of the Russian Empire
) in 1891. He had never received Sufi ijazah
, and he is not recognized as Sufi Shaykh in Dagestan. Both his father and elder brother were medical doctors, the latter being a surgeon in the Imperial Russian Army. Abdullah was raised and trained by his maternal uncle, Shaykh Sharafuddin Daghestani
(1875–1936). He showed remarkable spiritual aptitude from a young age and this attracted the attention of many local people.
Sometime in the 1900s Abdullah’s family (indeed his whole village) wearied of the repression imposed on Daghestan by the Russian government and decided to make Hijrah (emigration) to the Ottoman Empire
. They first settled in the northwestern Anatolian city of Bursa
, and then after a year moved to a place called Reşadiye (now known as Güneyköy). A new village was established that was populated by Daghestani refugees. Shortly thereafter, Abdullah’s father died and at the age of fifteen he was married to a Daghestani girl named Halima.
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In 1910, after merely six months of marriage, Shaykh Sharafuddin ordered Abdullah into sacred seclusion (khalwat
) for five years. This practice included severe austerities that were intended to raise his spiritual rank.
He successfully completed this seclusion and when he returned to secular life he... Read More