Abhyankar's conjecture

Abhyankar's Conjecture

Abhyankar's conjecture

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In abstract algebra, Abhyankar's conjecture is a 1957 conjecture of Shreeram Abhyankar, on the Galois groups of function fields of characteristic p. This problem was solved in 1994 by work of Michel Raynaud and David Harbater.

The problem involves a finite group G, a prime number p, and a nonsingular integral algebraic curve C defined over an algebraically closed field K of characteristic p.

The question addresses the existence of Galois extensions L of K(C), with G as Galois group, and with restricted ramification. From a geometric point of view L corresponds to another curve C′, and a morphism

π : C′ → C.


Ramification geometrically, and by analogy with the case of Riemann surfaces, consists of a finite set S of points x on C, such that π restricted to the complement of S in C is an étale morphism. In Abhyankar's conjecture, S is fixed, and the question is what G can be. This is therefore a special type of inverse Galois problem.

The subgroup p(G) is defined to be the subgroup generated by all the Sylow subgroups of G for the prime number p. This is a normal subgroup, and the parameter n is defined as the minimum number of generators of

G/p(G).


Then for the case of C the projective line over K, the conjecture states that G can be realised as a Galois group of L, unramified outside S containing s + 1 points, if and only if

ns.


This was proved by Raynaud.

For the general...
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