Abu Al-Hasan Ali ibn Othman

Abu Al-Hasan Ali Ibn Othman

Abu Al-Hasan Ali ibn Othman

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Abu Al-Hasan 'Ali ibn 'Othman (c. 1297 - May 24, 1351) () was a sultan of the Marinid Dynasty who reigned in Morocco and Al-Andalus (r. 1331 - 1351). The son of Marinid ruler Abu Sa'id Uthman II and an Abyssinian mother, Abu al-Hassan had a dark complexion, and was known as the 'Black Sultan' of Morocco.Ch.-Andre Julien Histoire de l'Afrique du Nord, 1961: 178-82.

He succeeded his father Abu Sa'id Uthman II in 1331. Abu al-Hassan married Fatima, daughter of the Hafsid ruler Abu Bakr of Ifriqiya, sealing an alliance between the Marinids and Hafsids against the Abdalwadids of Tlemcen.

In June, 1333, responding to the appeal of Nasrid ruler Muhammad IV of Granada, Abu al-Hassan landed a Moroccan army in Algeciras. After a two month siege, he recovered Gibraltar from Castile (which had been taken by the Castilians in 1309). The very success of the Gibraltar campaign stoked fears that the Marinids would become too influential in the Granadan court, and provoked the assassination of Muhammad IV by resentful Granadan nobles only a few months later. In spite of this, Muhammad IV's brother and successor, Yusuf I of Granada maintained the alliance with the Marinid ruler.

In 1334, Abu al-Hassan received an appeal from his father-in-law, the Hafsid ruler Abu Bakr of Ifriqiya, then fighting off an new invasion by the Abdalwadid ruler Abu Tashufin of Tlemcen. In early 1335, Marinid forces under Abu al-Hassan invaded Tlemcen from the west and dispatched a naval...
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