Abul Hasan Qutb Shah
(Abul Hasan Tana Shah
) (Urdu: ابوالحسن قطب شاہ) was the eighth and last ruler of the Qutb Shahi dynasty
, who ruled the kingdom of Golconda
in south India
. He ruled from 1672 to 1687.
Title of 'Tana Shah'
His real name was Abul Hasan and nicknamed as 'Tana Shah' even before he was contender to the throne of Golconda by his teacher a Sufi saint called Hazrat Syed Shah Raziuddin, popularly known as Hazrat Shah Raju Qattal. Hazrat Shah Raju was eighth in the line of famous Sufi Saint Hazrat Syedna Khwaja Banda Nawaz Gesu Daraz
. Abul Hassan had a good voice and sang well. He also had a certain innocence about him. Shah Raju therefore gave him the nickname of `Tana Shah' which means a child saint. He was also known as Tani Shah
, meaning "benevolent ruler".
He is remembered as a popular statesman who did not discriminate against those of other ethnicities or religions. He hired Brahmins
as his ministers and generals. For example Madanna and Akkanna
, Brahmin brothers from Hanamkonda
, were his most important ministers. Tana Shah gained a place in the Telugu literature due to Kancharla Gopanna
, nephew of Madanna. Kancharla Gopanna is famously known as "Ramadasu". Ramadasu lived in Nelakondapalli
village in Palvancha taluk. Tani Shah hired him as "Tehsildar
" (head of the revenue department) of Palvancha taluk. Ramadasu diverted the... Read More