By February 1967, President Sukarno realized that his political career was at an end and he became concerned at cutting his losses. On 7 February, he sent a letter to Suharto saying that he was willing to hand over the running of the Government to the General but also added that he would like to continue on as Head of State. In the time between the arrival of that letter and the formulation of the reply, the People's Representative Council (DPR) passed a resolution which called for a Special Session of the Provisional People's Consultative Assembly (MPRS). Suharto, accompanied by the Commanders of the Navy, Air Force, and Police, met with Sukarno on the 11th February to reject his offer and to wait instead for the result of the MPRS Special Session.
On 20 February 1967, Sukarno chose to step down and hand over executive power to Suharto whilst still retaining his position as President. Sukarno's decision did not stop the DPR from insisting that the MPRS Special Session go ahead. Originally calling for an MPRS Special Session to be held for the purpose... Read More