Adivasis of Orissa

Adivasis Of Orissa

Adivasis of Orissa

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Adivasis of Orissa refers to Adivasis found in the Indian state of Orissa.

About 62 distinct tribal groups of indigenous people once inhabited in Orissa. Officially known as "tribals" - but more accurately known as "Adivasis" - they constitute more than one-quarter of the state's population.

Main tribes

The Kondha have a population of about one million and are based in the south-west, around Koraput, and near Sambalpur. The Santals with a population over 500,000, live around Baripada and Khiching in the far north. The Saura, with a population over 300,000, live near Bolangir in the west. The Bonda,are known as 'the Naked People',and have a population of about 5,000 and live in the hills near Koraput.

The Kisans are the main residents of Sundergarh, Sambalpur and Keunjhar. They speak the Kisan dialect along with Oriya, Hindi and English. They are farmers and food gatherers and they are famous for their Dance and Music. Kutra Village in Sundergarh District is a major Tribal Village and the main residents of this village are the Toppo's.

List of tribes

As per the Constitution (Scheduled Tribes) Order, 1950, the following were listed as scheduled tribes in Orissa:

  1. Bagata
  2. Baiga
  3. Banjara Banjari
  4. Bathudi
  5. Bhottada, Dhotada
  6. Bhuiya Bhuyan
  7. Bhumia
  8. Bhumij
  9. Bhunjia
  10. Binjhal
  11. Binjhia, Binjhoa
  12. Birhor
  13. Bondo Poraja
  14. Chenchu
  15. Dal
  16. Desua Bhumji
  17. Dharua
  18. Didayi
  19. Gadaba,
  20. Gandia
  21. Ghara
  22. Gond, Gondo
  23. Ho
  24. Holva
  25. Jatapu
  26. Juang
  27. Kandha Gauda
  28. Kawar
  29. Kharia, Kharian 1
  30. Kharwar
  31. Khond,......
  32. ...

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