The Administrative Review Board
is a United States military
body that conducts an annual review of the suspects
held by the United States in Camp Delta
in the United States Navy
base at Guantanamo Bay
The purpose of the Board is to review whether the suspects still represent a threat. American President George W. Bush
initially called the suspects "illegal combatants
."But, without a formal announcement of the policy change, the Bush Presidency changed their description to "enemy combatant
". From July, 2004 through March, 2005 military authorities conducted a one-time Combatant Status Review Tribunal
for each suspect, to confirm whether they had been properly been classified as an "enemy combatant".
The Combatant Status Reviews were criticized by human rights workers because the suspects were not entitled to legal counsel, and did not know what allegations they had to defend themselves against, and the suspects had no presumption of innocence. The ARB was created in an attempt to mitigate the harsh results of potentially indefinite detention
by allowing an annual review to determine whether the enemy combatant
should still be detained.
The Combatant Status Reviews determined that 38 suspects were not illegal combatants after all. They determined that the rest of the suspects had been correctly classified as "enemy... Read More