(heavy bronze) is a numismatical term indicating bronze cast coins used in central Italy during the 4th and 5th centuries BC, whose value was indicated by signs: I
for the as, S
and pellets for unciae
. Standard weights for the as were 272, 327, or 341 grams, depending upon the issuing authority.
The main Roman cast coins had these marks and images:
Main series were from Rome
, Ariminum (Rimini
), Iguvium (Gubbio
), Tuder (Todi
), Ausculum (Ascoli Piceno
), Firmum (Fermo
), Hatria - Hadria (Atri
), Luceria (Lucera
), and Latins
. Other series have unknown provenance.
(ca. 240–225 BC)Image:Vecchi 009.jpg|Semis
(ca. 241–235 BC)Image:Aes Grave Quadrans3.jpg|Quadrans
(ca. 230–226 BC. weight 63.19 g</br>Thurlow-Vecchi 26; Crawford 27/8)Image:Vecchi 005.jpg|Sextans
(ca. 289–245 BC)Image:Vecchi 281.jpg|Quincunx
(After 220 BC)Image:Vecchi 283.jpg|Teruncius
. Circa 220 BC)Image:Vecchi 013.jpg|Uncia
(ca. 275–270 BC)</gallery>
- Haeberlin, Ernst: Aes Grave, Das Schwergeld Roms und Mittelitaliens einschließlich der ihm vorausgehenden Rohbronzewährung, Halle 1910.
- Sydenham, Edward A.: Aes Grave A Study of the Cast Coinages of Rome and Central Italy. London, Spink, 1926.
- Head, Barclay V.: Historia Nummorum, a Manual of Greek Numismatic, London,......