African Americans at the Siege of Petersburg.
At the beginning of the American Civil War
had a black population of about 549,000. This meant that of the Confederacy
's total black population one in six blacks lived in Virginia. Of those African Americans
in Virginia 89% were slave
. In Petersburg
about half the population was black of which nearly 35% were free. Petersburg was considered to have the largest number of free blacks of any Southern city at that time. Many of the freedmen prospered here as barbers
, boatmen, draymen, livery stable keepers, and caterers.
Serving the Confederacy
When Petersburg became a major supply center for the newly formed Confederacy and its nearby capital in Richmond
, both freedmen and slaves were employed in various war functions. One of which was working for the numerous railroad companies that operated in and out of the city. In 1862 Captain Charles Dimmock
used freedmen and slave labor to construct a ten-mile long defensive line of trenches
and batteries around the city.
Once the siege
began in June 1864, African Americans continued working for the Confederacy. In September 1864, General Robert E. Lee
asked for an additional 2,000 blacks to be added to his labor force. On January 11, 1865 General Robert E. Lee
wrote the Confederate Congress urging them to pass pending legislation to arm and enlist black slaves in exchange for their freedom. On March... Read More