African elephants (also known as savanna elephants) are the species of elephants in the genusLoxodonta (Greek for 'oblique-sided tooth'), one of the two existing genera in Elephantidae. Although it is commonly believed that the genus was named by Georges Cuvier in 1825, Cuvier spelled it Loxodonte. An anonymous author romanized the spelling to Loxodonta and the International Code of Zoological Nomenclature (ICZN) recognizes this as the proper authority.
Fossil members of Loxodonta have only been found in Africa, where they developed in the middle Pliocene.
The African elephant is the largest living terrestrial animal. Its thickset body rests on stocky legs and it has a concave back. African elephants are bigger than Asian elephants. Males stand tall at the shoulder and weigh , while females stand tall and weigh .
The largest individual recorded stood four metres to the shoulders and weighed ten tonnes.<ref... Read More