}The African Union
, and UA
in its other official languages) is a union consisting of 54 African states
. The only all-African state not in the AU is Morocco
. Established on 9 July 2002, the AU was formed as a successor to the (OAU). The most important decisions of the AU are made by the , a semi-annual meeting of the heads of state and government of its member states. The AU's secretariat, the , is based in , .
Among the objectives of the AU's leading institutions are:
- to accelerate the political and socio-economic integration of the continent;
- to promote and defend African common positions on issues of interest to the continent and its peoples;
- to achieve peace and security in Africa; and
- to promote democratic institutions, good governance and human rights.
The African Union is made up of both political and administrative bodies. The highest decision-making organ is the Assembly of the African Union
, made up of all the heads of state or government of member states of the AU. The Assembly is chaired by Teodoro Obiang Nguema Mbasogo
, leader of Equatorial Guinea
, elected at the tenth ordinary meeting of the Assembly in January 2011. The AU also has a representative body, the Pan African Parliament
, which consists of 265 members elected by the national parliaments of the AU member states. Its president is Idriss Ndele Moussa
Other political institutions of the... Read More