() is a political ideology that was born in the late 19th century around the idea that Afrikaners
in South Africa
were a "chosen people"; it was also strongly influenced by anti-British sentiments that grew strong among the Afrikaners, especially because of the Boer Wars
. Afrikaner nationalism emphasized the unity of all Afrikaans
speaking white people, the Volk
(nation), against such "foreign" elements as blacks, Jews and English-speaking South Africans.: "Afrikaner nationalism stressed an exclusive Afrikaans cultural unity in opposition to 'foreign' elements including black people, Jews and English-speaking South Africans. The notion of `the volk' becomes a central identificatory image, based on the logic of exclusion. Afrikaner nationalism is thus analysed as enabling newly urbanised Afrikaners to make sense of their social reality."
According to historian T. Dunbar Moodie, Afrikaner nationalism could be described as a kind of civil religion
that combined the history of the Afrikaners, their language and the Afrikaner Calvinism
as key symbols. A major proponent of the ideology was the secret Broederbond
organization and the National Party
that ruled the country from 1948 to 1994. Other organisations aligned with the Afrikaner nationalistic ideology were the Federation of Afrikaans Cultural Organisations......