The Air Force of the Independent State of Croatia
, the Zrakoplovstvo Nezavisne Države Hrvatske
(ZNDH) was the national air force of the Independent State of Croatia
during World War II, founded under German authority in April 1941. In 1943 it was renamed the Croatian Battle Air Force
. Although it could not be considered a large air arm in the wider context of World War II, the ZNDH nonetheless had on its charge at one time or another some 650 aircraft between April 1941 and May 1945, as well as anti-aircraft and paratroop units.
During the middle part of 1941, some of the force's man-power capacity was sent to the Eastern Front
as part of the Luftwaffe
, the Croatian Air Force Legion
(, (HZL) German
: Kroatische Luftwaffen Legion). Most of the Croatian Air Force Legion's personnel were back on Croatian soil by late 1943-early 1944 to help counter the growing Allied air threat. A Croatian Anti-Aircraft Legion was also deployed.
The force maintained a flying school, originally in Rajlovac near Sarajevo
. Its parachute and paratroop school was located in Koprivnica
, and its scout (fighter) school was located in Zagreb
. U službi domovine
. Buenos Aires, 1977
Four men attained the force's top rank General Zrakoplovstva
(General of the Air Force): Emil Uzelac
, Miroslav Navratil
, Vladimir Kren
, and Dragutin Rubčić.
The air force was organized as follows:<ref... Read More