is the organized delivery of supplies or personnel primarily via aircraft
Airlifting consists of two distinct types, strategic and tactical airlifting. Typically, strategic airlifting involves moving material
long distances (such as across or off the continent or theater), whereas a tactical airlift focuses on deploying resources and material into a specific location with high precision.
Depending on the situation, airlifted supplies can be delivered by a variety of means. When the destination and surrounding airspace
is considered secure, the aircraft will land at an appropriate airport
to have its cargo unloaded on the ground. When landing the craft, or distributing the supplies to a certain area from a landing zone by surface transportation is not an option, the cargo aircraft can drop them in mid-flight using parachutes
attached to the supply containers in question. When there is a broad area available where the intended receivers have control without fear of the enemy interfering with collection and/or stealing the goods, the planes can maintain a normal flight altitude
and simply drop the supplies down and let them parachute to the ground. However, when the area is too small for this method, as with an isolated base, and/or is too dangerous to land in, a Low Altitude Parachute Extraction System
drop is used.
In April 1923 aircraft of the RAF
's Iraq Command
flew 280 Sikh
troops from Kingarban
in the first British air... Read More