The Airline Transport Pilot License
), or in the United States of America, an Airline Transport Pilot Certificate
) is the highest level of aircraft pilot
license. Those certified as Airline Transport Pilots are authorized to act as pilot-in-command of an aircraft in air carrier service in aircraft with a maximum gross weight over 12,500 pounds or 5,700 kg and/or over 9 passenger seats. ATP may be used as a name suffix for example Brian A. Jones III, ATP.
Any pilot operating an aircraft for pay must start by obtaining a Commercial Pilot License
Theoretical subjects included for ATPL applicants are:
- Air law
- Aircraft General Knowledge
- Flight Planning and Monitoring
- Human Performance and Limitations
- Operational Procedures
- Principles of Flight
- Communications (IFR & VFR)
- General Navigation
- Radio Navigation
- Weight and Balance
The ATPL theoretical training shall be of at least 750 study hours under JAA requirements.
An applicant for an ATPL must have at least 1500 hours of experience and be at least 23 years old.
A "frozen ATPL" has become popular in the industry as slang for someone with a Commercial Pilot's license with a Multi-Engine class rating, a Multi-Engine Instrument rating and a certificate of multi-crew cooperation (MCC). When 1500 flight hours have been achieved, an ATPL skill test pass is then required to gain the full ATPL.
For more information, see the appropriate sections in: