, literally, "The Island," abbreviating "") (also Aljazeera
) is an independent broadcaster owned by the state of Qatar
through the Qatar Media Corporation
. Initially launched as an Arabic news and current affairs satellite TV
channel, Al Jazeera has since expanded into a network with several outlets, including the Internet and specialty TV channels
in multiple languages. Al Jazeera is accessible in several world regions.
The original Al Jazeera channel's willingness to broadcast dissenting views, for example on call-in
shows, created controversies in the Arab states of the Persian Gulf
. The station gained worldwide attention following the September 11, 2001 attacks
, when it was the only channel to cover the war in Afghanistan
live from its office there.It has also recently been acclaimed for its in-depth coverage of the Arab Spring
of revolutions which continues to this day.
Aljazeera Satellite Channel was launched on 1 November 1996
following the closure of the BBC's Arabic language
television station, a joint venture with a Qatar Media Corporation
company. It had fallen apart after a year and a half when the Saudi government attempted to kill a documentary on executions under sharia law.
The Emir of Qatar
, Sheikh Hamad bin Khalifa
, provided a loan of QAR 500 million ($137 million) to sustain Aljazeera... Read More