was a leftist
organization of Pakistan
. It was formed in the late seventies by the sons of former Pakistani Prime Minister
, Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto
, who was also the Chairman of Pakistan's biggest political party, Pakistan Peoples Party
. Al-Zulfiqar was formed to revenge the killing of Bhutto by the right-wing
military regime of General Mohammad Zia-ul-Haq
in 1979. Zia had deposed the populist
Bhutto regime in a Military coup
in July 1977.
Bhutto was hanged by the Zia regime after a one-sided and controversial trial, Bhutto's two sons, Murtaza Bhutto
and Shahnawaz Bhutto
went into exile in Afghanistan
which was then being ruled by a Soviet
government. There the two sons formed the Al-Zulfiqar along with hundreds of Pakistan Peoples Party militants
who had escaped Zia's persecution.
The Al-Zulfiqar staged a string of political assassinations
, bank robberies and bombings before pulling off its most daring act when in 1981 it hijacked a Pakistan International Airlines
flight from Peshawar
The hijacking drama went on for thirteen days in which Lieutenant Tariq Rahim was shot, the hijackers believing he was the son of General Rahimuddin Khan
, the martial law administrator
. This forced the Zia regime to accept the demands of the hijackers of releasing dozens of Pakistan Peoples Party and other leftist political prisoners languishing in Pakistani jails.
The hijacking was condemned by Bhutto's daughter, Benazir Bhutto
, who was under... Read More