The Alexander Valley
is a Californian American Viticultural Area
(AVA) just north of Healdsburg
in Sonoma County
. It is home to many wineries
, as well as the city of Cloverdale
. It is the largest and most fully planted wine region in Sonoma.J. Robinson (ed) "The Oxford Companion to Wine"
Third Edition pg 643 Oxford University Press 2006 ISBN 0-19-860990-6 Highway 101
runs through the valley
, and the Russian River
flows down the valley, surrounded by vineyards on both sides. From the higher elevations
of the valley rim, there is view as far south as Taylor Mountain
and Sonoma Mountain
. The region was named for Cyrus Alexander
, owner of a part of the Rancho Sotoyome
Mexican land grant, in 1847. Granted AVA status in 1984, the boundaries of the appellation are defined in the Code of Federal Regulations, Title 27, Section 9.53.
In its early history, the territory commonly referred to as the "Alexander Valley" denoted the benchlands
east of the Russian River leading up to the Mayacamas Mountains
. The area west of the Russian River was known as “the plaines” or “the ranchos.” Viticulture in the area dates back to 1843, when Cyrus Alexander used vines cuttings
collected from Fort Ross
on the Pacific coast, to establish vineyards in the area.T. Elkjer ""
Appellation America, October 4, 2005 For... Read More