Alfonso Salmeron

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Alfonso (Alphonsus) Salmeron (September 8, 1515 – February 13, 1585) was a biblical scholar and one of the first Jesuits.

Biography

He was born in Toledo on 8 September 1515. He studied literature and philosophy at Alcala and thereafter went to Paris' Sorbonne for philosophy and theology. Here, through Diego Laynez, he met St. Ignatius of Loyola; together with Laynez, Peter Faber and St. Francis Xavier he enlisted as one of the first companions of Loyola (1534). The small company left Paris on 15 November 1536, reached Venice on 8 January 1537 and during Lent of that year went to Rome. He delivered a discourse before the Pope and was, in return, granted leave to receive Holy orders so soon as he should have reached the canonical age. About 8 September, all the first companions met at Vicenza and all, save St. Ignatius, said their first Mass. The plan of a pilgrimage to the Holy Land was abandoned. Salmeron devoted his ministry in Sienna to the poor and to children. On 22 April 1541, he pronounced his solemn vows in St. Paul's-Outside-the-Walls basilica as a professed member of the newly-established Society of Jesus.

In the autumn of 1541 pope Paul III sent Salmeron and Paschase Broët as Apostolic nuncios to Ireland. They landed by way of Scotland on 23 February 1542. Thirty-four days later they set sail for Dieppe and went on to Paris. For two years Salmeron preached in Rome; his exposition of the Pauline Epistle to the Ephesians thrice a week in the church of the...
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