Nawab Mir Nizam Ali Khan Siddiqi Bahadur Asaf Jah II
(7 March 1734 – 6 August 1803) was the Nizam
of Hyderabad State
in South India
between 1762 and 1803.
He was born on March 7, 1734 as fourth son to Asaf Jah I
and Umda Begum.
His official name is Asaf Jah II, Nizam ul-Mulk, Nizam ud-Daula, Nawab Mir Nizam 'Ali Khan Siddiqi Bahadur, Fath Jang, Sipah Salar, Nawab Subedar of the Deccan
Asaf Jah II became the subahdar
of the Deccan
on July 8, 1762. He transferred his capital from Aurangabad
to Hyderabad in 1763 as Aurangabad was very close to Maratha
Territory and therefore prone to aggression.
allied with the Nizam due to mutual distrust and differences with Madhavrao Peshwa
. The Nizam marched towards Poona
. In 1763
, Madhavrao defeated Nizam at Rakshabhuvan and signed a treaty with the Marathas
. In 1795
, he was defeated by the Marathas
and was forced to cede Daulatabad
and pay an indemnity of Rs. 30 million . The following year, judging himself menaced by Tipu Sultan
, he entered into Subsidiary Alliance
with the British East India Company
. Thus Hyderabad
, which is in both area and population comparable to the United Kingdom
, became a princely state
within the British Raj
general, Monsieur Raymond
, served as his military leader, strategist and advisor.
Asaf Jah II died at Chowmahalla
, Hyderabad at the age of 69 on... Read More