Ali Mahdi Muhammad

Ali Mahdi Muhammad

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Ali Mahdi Muhammad

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Ali Mahdi Muhammad (, ) (born 1938) was president of Somalia from January 1991 to November 1991. He rose to power when Mohamed Farrah Aidid forced then president Mohamed Siad Barre out of office. Muhammad, however, was not able in that time to exert control over the country. Following this, the nation fell into anarchy, with only local warlords and separatist groups wielding real power.


United Somali Congress (USC)

Muhammad was a leading member of the Abgaal clan elements within the USC. Early in the Somali Civil War, he and Mohammed Farah Aidid worked together to oust Siad Barre. But no sooner had Barre been ousted than Ali Mahdi Muhammad unilaterally declared himself Barre's successor as interim President. The shock of the news caused an irreparable sundering of the USC between those who followed Ali Mahdi ("USC Mahdi", mainly members of the Abgaal clan) and those who followed Aidid (who, in turn, went on to create the Somali National Alliance or "USC/SNA").

The warring between these two leaders continued on through the 1992–95 UN missions to Somalia (UNOSOM I, UNOSOM II, and UNITAF). During 1995, Mohammed Farah Aidid claimed the title of the President of Somalia. However, his precedency was short-lived as he died less than a year later 1996. Nevertheless, the intense rivalry continued on even after his death, as SNA leadership was passed on to Aidid's son, Hussein Mohammed Farah Aidid, who...
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