, known as Alor Star
between 2004 and 2008, is the state capital of Kedah
, and Kota Setar District's Administrative Centre
. It is also a distribution center for manufacturing and agricultural products such as paddy, and the royal seat of the Kedah
state since the establishment of this city. The city, which has an urban population of approximately more than 300,000, is one of the region’s oldest cities.
It is located 93 kilometers north of Butterworth, Penang
and 45 km south of the Thai border.
It is also the birthplace of two Prime Ministers
, YTM Tunku Abdul Rahman
, Malaysia's first Prime Minister, and Tun Dr. Mahathir bin Mohamad
, Malaysia's fourth Prime Minister. Alor Setar was granted city status on 21 December 2003.
Alor Setar was founded in 1735 by Kedah’s 19th Ruler, Sultan Muhammad Jiwa Zainal Adilin Mu’azzam Shah
and is the state’s eighth administrative centre since the establishment of the Kedah Sultanate in 1136. The earlier administrative centres were located in Kota Bukit Meriam, Kota Sungai Emas, Kota Siputeh, Kota Naga, Kota Sena, Kota Indera Kayangan and Kota Bukit Pinang.
"Alor" or more correctly, "alur" is Malay
for a groove, furrow or main stream of a channel. In Tamil
"alur" means drain. "Setar" is... Read More