The Alqueva dam
is a dam
located on the Guadiana River
in the Alentejo
region. The reservoir
is the largest in Portugal
and Western Europe
The complex project was made to produce hydroelectric
for farms in the surrounding area, as well as a large reservoir where several tourist
ventures are also being built. Alqueva
, a village of about 350 inhabitants, gives the project the name. It is the site of the biggest ostrich farm in Portugal.
The Alentejo is the driest and hottest region in Portugal. Persistent droughts are a problem. The climate and a lack of infrastructure have impeded economic development and isolated the area from the national and European
During the 1950s, the Portuguese Prime Minister, António de Oliveira Salazar
, ordered a study of the feasibility of the dam project. The potential benefits of the Alqueva dam were discussed for decades. An initial effort was undertaken after the Carnation Revolution
of 1974, but it was abandoned in 1978. The Portuguese government eventually made a firm decision to build the dam in the 1990s, during the Cavaco Silva
and António Guterres
governments.Aldeia da Luz
, a small village that lay in the projected flood zone of the dam, was completely rebuilt on a new site.
The construction of the new dam was carried out by a joint venture of Bento Pedroso Construções, Cubiertas y MZOV
and Somague - Sociedade de Construções.
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