The American green kingfishers
are the Chloroceryle
genus of kingfishers
, which are native to tropical Central
and South America
, with one species extending north to south Texas
They comprise four species:
The American green kingfishers breed by streams in forests or mangroves
, nesting in a long horizontal tunnel made in a river bank.
They have the typical kingfisher shape, with a short tail and long bill. All are plumaged oily green above, and the underpart colour shows an interesting pattern insofar as the smallest and second largest, American Pygmy Kingfisher and Green-and-rufous Kingfisher, have rufous underparts, whereas the largest and second smallest, Amazon Kingfisher and Green Kingfisher, have white underparts with only the males also having a rufous breast band.
These birds take crustaceans
caught by the usual kingfisher technique of a dive from a perch or brief hover, although the American Pygmy Kingfisher will hawk at insects
These water kingfishers
are descended from a common ancestor which seems to have been closely related to a progenitor of the Pied Kingfisher
(which at that stage had not yet lost the metallic plumage tone), and are similar in plumage and habits (Moyle, 2006). All four have overlapping ranges, and may fish the same waters;... Read More