The American Red Cross
(ARC), also known as the American National Red Cross
, is a volunteer-led, humanitarian
organization that provides emergency assistance, disaster relief and education inside the United States
. It is the designated U.S. affiliate of the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies
Today, in addition to domestic disaster relief
, the American Red Cross offers services in five other areas: community services that help the needy; communications services and comfort for military members and their family members; the collection, processing and distribution of blood
and blood products; educational programs on preparedness, health, and safety; and international relief and development programs.
Issued a corporate charter
by the United States Congress
under Title 36 of the United States Code
, Section 3001, the American National Red Cross is governed by volunteers and supported by community donations
, income from health and safety training and products, and income from blood products. The American Red Cross is headquartered
in Washington, D.C.
. The Chairman of the Board of Governors, serving her second three-year term, is Bonnie McElveen-Hunter
. The current President and Chief Executive Officer is Gail J. McGovern.
History and organization
The American Red Cross was established in Washington, D.C. on May 21, 1881, by Clara Barton
, who became the first president of the organization. Barton first organized a meeting on May 12 of... Read More