Anandi Gopal Joshi A
(or Anandibai Joshi
: आनंदी गोपाळ जोशी/आनंदीबाई जोशी)(March 31, 1865 - February 26, 1887) was one of the two first Indian
women to obtain a medical degree through training in Western medicine
. (Kadambini Ganguly
earned a medical degree the same year, 1886, as Anandibai.) She was also the first Hindu
woman to do so.
Anandibai was born as Yamuna in Pune ( Maharashtra ) in an orthodox wealthy Brahmin
family. At her age 9, she was married by her family to Gopalrao Joshi, who was a widower and almost twenty years her senior. After the marriage, the husband renamed Yamuna as Anandi.
Gopalrao worked as a postal clerk in Kalyan
. Later, he was transferred to Alibag
, and finally to Calcutta
. He was a progressive thinker, and supported the education of women, which was not very prevalent in India in his times.
It was common for Brahmins in those times to be proficient in Sanskrit
; however, through influence on Gopalrao's mind of Lokhitawadi
's Shat Patre
, he had regarded learning English
well to be more important than Sanskrit. Noticing Anandibai's interest in acquiring education, he helped her receive education and learn English.
At age of 14, Anandibai gave birth to a boy. But the child survived only ten days because of nonavailability of needed medical care. This situation proved a turning point in Anandibai's life, and inspired her to become a physician.