(, ) is a city and a municipal council
in Rupnagar district
in the state of Punjab
. Known as "the holy City of Bliss," it is a holy city of the Sikhs
and is one of their most important sacred places, closely linked with their religious traditions and history. It is located on the lower spurs of the Himalayas
surrounded by picturesque natural scenery, with the river Sutlej
forming a shimmering and shiny blue border on the south west barely four miles away.
Anandpur Sahib was founded in the year 1665 by the ninth Sikh Guru
, Guru Tegh Bahadur
, near the ruins of an ancient place, Makhowal
. On May 13, 1665, Guru Tegh Bahadur went to Bilaspur
to attend the mourning for Raja Dip Chand of Bilaspur State
. The Dowager Rani Champa of Bilaspur offered to give the Guru a piece of land in her state. The Guru bought the site on payment of five hundred rupees
. The land consisted of the villages of Lodhipur, Mianpur and Sahota. Here on the mound of Makhowal, Guru Tegh Bahadur raised a new habitation. The ground was broken on 19 June 1665, by Baba Gurditta Ji. The new village was named Chakk Nanaki after the Guru's mother, Nanaki. The place later came to be known as Anandpur Sahib.
, Anandpur Sahib had a population of 13,886. Males constitute 53% of the population and females 47%. Anandpur Sahib has an average literacy rate of 73%, higher than the national average of 59.5%; with 56% of the males and... Read More