- This page is on the activity in general - see thermae for buildings in which it was carried out.
played a major part in ancient Roman
culture and society.
Bathing was one of the most common daily activities in Roman culture, and was practiced across a wide variety of social classes. Though many contemporary cultures see bathing as a very private activity conducted in the home, bathing in Rome was a communal activity. While the extremely wealthy could afford bathing facilities in their homes, bathing most commonly occurred in public facilities called thermae
. In some ways, these resembled modern-day spas
. The Romans raised bathing to a high art as they socialized in these communal baths. Courtship was conducted, as well as sealing business deals, as they built lavish baths on natural hot springs. Such was the importance of baths to Romans that a catalogue of buildings in Rome from 354
AD documented 952 baths of varying sizes in the city.Although wealthy Romans might set up a bath in their town houses or in their country villas, heating a series of rooms or even a separate building especially for this purpose, and soldiers might have a bathhouse provided at their fort (as at Chesters
on Hadrian's Wall
, or at Bearsden fort
), they still often frequented the numerous public bathhouses in the cities and towns throughout the empire.
Small bathhouses, called balneum
), might be privately owned, but they were public in the sense that... Read More