Andalusian classical music
(, trans. mousiqua al-âla
, ) is a style of Moorish music
found across North Africa
and Southern Iberia
, though it evolved out of the music of Andalusia
between the 9th and 15th centuries, during a period known as Al-Andalus
It is now most closely associated with Algeria
, San'a and al-Maalûf
) and southern Spain
), though similar traditions are found in Morocco
(Al-Âla and Gharnati), Tunisia
is type of Andalusian music with some influence from the Ottoman music and the berber Chawi music of the region of Constantine , it exists in the east of Algeria, Tunisia and Libya.
The popular musics of chaabi
developed in the Casbah of Algiers derived from the classical expression of andalusian music.
Andalusian classical music was allegedly born in the Emirate of Cordoba
) in the 9th century. The Persian musician, resident in Iraq
(d. 857), who later became court musician of Abd al-Rahman II
in Cordoba, is sometimes credited with its invention. Later, the poet, composer and philosopher Ibn Bajjah
(d. 1139) of Saragossa is said to have combined the style of Ziryâb with Western approaches to produce a wholly new style that spread across Iberia and North Africa.
By the 11th century CE, Moorish Spain and Portugal had become a center for the manufacture of instruments. These goods spread gradually to Provence
, influencing French troubadours
and trouveres and eventually... Read More