Anna of Bohemia
(Czech: Anna Lehnická
, Polish: Anna Przemyślidka
) (1204 – 26 June 1265) was the Duchess consort of Silesia
(1238–1241); she was the daughter of Ottokar I
, King of Bohemia
and his second wife Constance of Hungary
. Her maternal grandparents were Béla III of Hungary
and his first wife Agnes of Antioch
Anna was born in Prague
. Around the age of twelve she was married (1216) to Henry II the Pious
, Duke of Silesia
, to whom she bore ten children before he succeeded to the dukedom in 1238. During the Tatar
invasions, the duchess was sent with the other female members of the royal family to the safety of the fortress of Krossen
. Duke Henry was killed at Wahlstatt
during the Battle of Legnica
(9 April 1241), his body being so diminished that the duchess had to tell those searching for his body to recognize him by the peculiarity of a sixth toe on his left foot.
Anna buried her husband in the Franciscan
convent at Breslau
, which Henry had begun to build, and which, in 1242, the duchess completed. During her lengthy widowhood, Anna suffered greatly from the violent temper of her son Bolesław II the Bald
Anna and Henry had ten children:
- Gertrude (ca. 1218/20 – 23/30 April 1247), married by 1232 to Bolesław I of Masovia.
- Constance (ca. 1221 – ca. 21 February 1257), married by 1239 to Casimir I of Kuyavia.
- Bolesław II the Bald (ca. 1220/25 – 25/31 December 1278).
- Mieszko (ca. 1223/27 – 1242).
- Henry III the......