Antal

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Description:
Antal (also Andhak, Aundh, or Anlak), known in classical writings as the Amateans () or Antixenes (), is a gotra of Jats found in India.

History and origin

The Jat historian Thakur Deshraj identifies them with the amatae people of Sindh described by Megasthenes.*Thakur Deshraj: Jat Itihas (Hindi), Maharaja Suraj Mal Smarak Shiksha Sansthan, Delhi, 1934.

The leading figure of the twelve major Alvar poets of the Srivaisnavas is the female mystic saint Antal. Antal (literally "she who rules"), who is regarded by her disciples as a goddess, composed a number of devotional hymns addressed to Krishna, peppered with strains of strong social protest against the oppression of women and the lower castes. These hymns form the core of Srivaisnava liturgy. Because of the central role of Antal in the development of the Srivaisnava community, the sect accords a status to women that is markedly different from that of classical Brahminism.

Distribution

Antal Jats are mainly found in the Ambala District of Haryana.Major villages being Balana, Chaur Mastpur, Lautan (Khurchanpur), Naneola,Ghiserpadi,Ratangarh in Kurukshetra District; Makhmailpur, Alipur, Khalaspur, Sular, Pur (Mandi), Hadana , Majauli in Patiala District and Soonkh in Ropar District, Punjab.






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