was an Angolan African
held as an indentured servant by a merchant in the Colony of Virginia
in 1620, but later freed to become a successful tobacco farmer and owner of an African slave of his own. However on his death in 1670 a court ruled that he was: "a negro and by consequence, an alien"
, and the colony seized his land.
Early in 1620, Johnson was captured by slave traders in his native land of Angola
and sold to a merchant belonging to the Virginia Company
. Johnson was sold to a white planter named Bennet to work on his Virginia tobacco farm.
During this time in the Virginia colony, the Africans were held in indentured servitude
and were often released after a set period.
In 1622, he almost lost his life due to a Powhatan Indian
attack on his farm. The Powhatans, who were native to Virginia, were upset at the advance of the tobacco planters on their business and planned an attack on Good Friday. Of the fifty-seven men on the farm where Johnson worked, fifty-two died... Read More