(AAM), originally known as the Boycott Movement
, was a British organization that was at the center of the international movement opposing South Africa's system of apartheid
and supporting South Africa's Blacks.
A consumer boycott organization
In response to an appeal by Albert Luthuli
, the Boycott Movement
was founded in London
on 26 June 1959 at a meeting of South African
exiles and their supporters .Julius Nyerere
would summarize its purpose:<blockquote> We are not asking you, the British people, for anything special. We are just asking you to withdraw your support from apartheid by not buying South African goods.
Expansion and renaming
Just 8 months after the Boycott Movement was founded, the Sharpeville massacre
triggered an intensification of action. The response was the transformation of the organization. It was decided to rename the group as Anti-Apartheid Movement
and instead of just a consumer boycott the group would now "co-ordinate all the anti-apartheid work and to keep South Africa's apartheid policy in the forefront of British politics." The member organizations were diverse and included the British Communist, Liberal and Labour Parties, as well as the Trade Union Congress
(TUC), individual MPs, the NUS, several churches, and... Read More