Anti-ballistic missile defense countermeasures
are tactical or strategic actions taken by an attacker to overwhelm, destroy, or evade anti-ballistic missile defenses.
Anti-ballistic missile (ABM) defense countermeasures can be categorized in a variety of ways, such as whether something is attacked or just confounded (i.e., whether the defender is attacked, whether the defender's ABM defense is attacked, or whether the defenders ABM system is confounded). They can be categorized by the type of ABM system they are to operate against. Finally, they can be categorized by which part of a ballistic missile's flight they are active (boost, bus, midcourse, or terminal phases).
Countermeasures Attacking the Defender
The simplest countermeasure to an ABM defense is to simply increase the size of the attack. This can be done by adding more ICBMs
, by increasing the number of warheads delivered by each ICBM using MIRVs
, by using SLBMs
(which have a much shorter flight time and are thus difficult to destroy before the terminal phase), or by a heavier reliance on bombers and cruise missiles.
Countermeasures Attacking the Defense
These countermeasures include anti-satellite weapons, space mines, and the launching of debris in identical but counter-rotating orbits to a space-based defense.
Countermeasures Confounding the Defense
These countermeasures include using fast-burn boosters (which limit the time allowed for... Read More