Anti Terrorism Court
(, ATC) was established in Pakistan
, under Nawaz Sharif
's government, to deal with terrorism cases.
1997 creation and subsequent amendments
It has been created by the 1997 Anti-Terrorist Act, amended on 24 October 1998 by the Anti-Terrorism (Amendment) Ordinance following the Supreme Court
judgement (Merham Ali versus Federation of Pakistan
, 1998) declaring most of its provisions unconstitutional Charles H. Kennedy
, in (Satu P. Limaye, Robert G. Wirsing, Mohan Malik, eds.), p.387-413 (a publication of the Asia Pacific Center for Security Studies
, Honolulu, Hawaï, Spring 2004).. A short time before being ousted out of power by Pervez Musharraf
, Sharif enacted the 25 August 1999 Pakistan Anti-Terrorism (Amendment) Ordinance which generalized the ATC system to all of the country .
Anti-terrorism courts under General Pervez Musharraf
Following Pervez Musharraf
's 1999 coup
, Nawaz Sharif was judged and given a life sentence in 2000 by the ATC, which was commuted into exile
ATC sentenced to death
, in 2006, Kamran Atif, an alleged member of Harkat-ul Mujahideen al-Alami
who had attempted to assassinate Musharraf in 2002, and had been arrested two years later. Following Musharraf's resignation in 2008, a moratory on capital punishment has been enacted, although it is not completely respected.