Anton von Padua Alfred Emil Hubert Georg Graf von Arco auf Valley
(5 February 1897 – 29 June 1945), commonly known as Anton Arco-Valley
political activist, is best remembered as the assassin of Kurt Eisner
, the first republican premier of Bavaria
, in February 1919.
Arco-Valley was born in Sankt Martin im Innkreis
in Upper Austria
. His father Maximilian was a businessman and estate owner, whose elder sister had married Lord Acton
. Anton's mother, Emily Freiin
von Oppenheim, was from the rich, Jewish, Oppenheim
bankers family. After serving with a Bavarian regiment in the last year of World War I, he was one of those decorated and wounded soldiers who returned from the front and was attacked by Reds in the street. Like Hitler he was an Austrian who had adopted Germany as his home and he enrolled at Munich University. As an angry and disillusioned German nationalist and an aristocrat
, a monarchist and a proclaimed anti-Semite
despite his part-Jewish descent, he detested Eisner, the Jewish leader of the Bavarian socialists and Premier of Bavaria.
Arco-Valley might have decided to kill Eisner to prove himself "worthy" after he had been rejected for membership of an ultra-nationalist group, the Thule Society
, because he was partly of Jewish descent.Nicholas Goodrick-Clarke
,(1985)The Occult Roots of Nazism, p. 148 This source also says that Arco-Valley was executed, so it must be treated with......