Anton Joseph (A. J.) Hampel
(1710 – 30 March 1771) was a horn
player who is generally credited with having developed, somewhere between 1750 and 1760, the technique of hand-stopping
which allows natural horns
to play fully chromatically
. This was one of the most important innovations in the history of the horn, comparable with Heinrich Stölzel
's development of the first valve horn in 1817.
It was this development that enabled the horn repertoire of Mozart
and others to be written.
Hampel was born in Prague
, but worked in Dresden
, with instrument maker Johann Werner
, collaborating on the design of the so-called Inventionshorn
, which used sliding medial crooks
inside the hoop in an attempt to achieve a fully chromatic instrument.
Hampel also taught Giovanni Punto
, who went on to refine the hand-stopping technique and spread it through Europe, inspiring works from composers such as Beethoven
- The Evolution of the Modern French Horn from 1750 to the Present Day, R. Morley-Pegge, Proceedings of the Musical Association, 69th Sess., 1942 - 1943 (1942 - 1943), pp. 34-55
<!-- Metadata: see Persondata
--> Read More