(; July 31, 1893, Bestwina
- November 25, 1965, London
) was a Polish
socialist (member of the Polish Socialist Party
) politician, who served as Prime Minister of Poland
in exile for nearly ten years (1955-1965).
From 1914 until 1917 he was a member of Polish Legions, led by Józef Piłsudski
. In next years (1918-1919 he served in new Polish Armed Forces
, created after independence.
He has joined PPS in 1919. From 1920 until 1937 he was a member of party leadership. He also served as Sejm
Member from 1928 to 1930.
In 1940 he was arrested by Soviets
and imprisonment in labor camp in Siberia
. But, after reestablishment of Polish-Soviet relations because of Germany
attack on USSR
, he was freed and became diplomatic representative of the exile government in Sakha Republic
, and later (1943-1945) a representative to Polish Armed Forces in USSR. He was expelled in 1945 and fled to London
He became an active politician in exile. From September 10, 1955 to June 14, 1965 he was a Prime Minister in exile. He died shortly after leaving office.