Antonio Luna y Novicio
(October 29, 1866 - June 5, 1899) was a Filipino pharmacist
who fought in the Philippine-American War
. He was also the founder of the Philippines
's first military academy.
Antonio Luna was born in Urbiztondo, Binondo
. He was the youngest of seven children of Joaquín Luna, from Badoc
, Ilocos Norte
, and Spanish mestiza
Laureana Novicio, from Luna, La Union
. His father was a traveling salesman of the products of government monopolies. His older brother, Juan
, was an accomplished painter who studied in the Madrid Escuela de Bellas Artes de San Fernando
. Another brother, José, became a doctor.
At the age of six, Antonio learned reading, writing, and arithmetic from a teacher known as Maestro Intong
. He memorized the Doctrina Cristiana
(catechism), the first book printed in the Philippines.
His early schooling was at the Ateneo Municipal de Manila
, where he received his Bachelor of Arts degree in 1881. He went on to study literature and chemistry at the University of Santo Tomas
, where he won first prize for a paper in chemistry titled Two Fundamental Bodies of Chemistry
. He also studied pharmacy, swordsmanship, fencing, military tactics, and became a sharpshooter. On the invitation of his brother Juan, Antonio was sent by his doting parents to Spain, to acquire a licentiate and doctorate in Pharmacy.
He obtained the degree of Licentiate in Pharmacy from the University of Barcelona
. He pursued further... Read More