The April Constitution of Poland
( or Konstytucja kwietniowa
) was the general law
passed by the act of the Polish Sejm
on 23 April 1935. It introduced in Poland a presidential system
with certain elements of authoritarianism
It was accepted in violation of the earlier March Constitution
of 1921 and the Rules of the Parliament , and as such it was questioned by most of the opposition to the rule of Sanacja
It is commonly believed that the drafting of the constitution was heavily influenced by Józef Piłsudski
, who died two and a half weeks after the constitution was passed.
The act introduced the idea that the state is a common good
of all the citizens. It also limited the powers of the Sejm and Senat
while strengthening the authority of the President of Poland
. The President was responsible for choosing the members of the government, which in turn was responsible to the parliament. He also had a right to dismiss the parliament before the end of term, to name one third of the Senators, the commander-in-chief
of the Polish Army
and the General Inspector of the Armed Forces.Seidner, Stanley S. Marshal Edward Śmigły-Rydz Rydz and the Defense of Poland
, New York, 1978.
He also had a right to issue decrees
the acts passed by the Sejm non-constructively.
Among the most notable features of the new constitution was the president's right to name his successor in case of war. This was used as the legal base for the existence of the Polish......