The Arab Socialist Action Party – Arabian Peninsula
( Ḥizb al`Amal al Ishtirākiy al-`Arabiy-Al-Jazīra al`Arabiyyah
), was an underground oppositional political party
in Saudi Arabia
. It was founded in 1972 by elements of the erstwhile Arab Nationalist Movement
Profile of the party
The party was able to attract a following amongst intellectuals and middle classelements, and became a prominent force of the secular
opposition. Ideologically it adhered to Marxism
and Arab nationalism
. It considered armed struggle as the only option to overthrow the ruling system of Saudi Arabia. The membership was predominantly Shi'ite
The party was able to attract former members from the People's Democratic Party
, which ceased to function in the mid-1970s.
The party raised three main demands, introduction of political liberties,nationalization of oil resources, and the end to foreign military presence in Saudi Arabia. It also opposed discrimination against Shi'ites.
The party published al-Masira
as its central organ. It was printed inside Saudi Arabia clandestinely on an irregular basis. Moreover, until the 1982 crackdown, the cadres of the party were well represented amongst the staff of the legal newspaper al-Yaum
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