Archduchess Maria Johanna Gabriela of Austria

Archduchess Maria Johanna Gabriela Of Austria

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Archduchess Maria Johanna Gabriela of Austria

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Maria Johanna Gabriela of Austria (Maria Johanna Gabriela Josepha Antonia; 4 February 1750 Vienna, Austria - 23 December 1762 Vienna, Austria). She was the eleventh child of Francis I, Holy Roman Emperor (1708–1765) and Maria Theresa of Austria, Holy Roman Empress (1717–1780). She died of smallpox.


Maria Johanna was born on 4 February 1750. She was the older sister of Maria Carolina of Austria, Queen of Naples and Sicily as wife of the Bourbon King Ferdinand of Naples and Sicily; she was also the older sister of Marie Antoinette, wife of Louis XVI of France.

An older brother Archduke Charles Joseph had died of smallpox in 18 January 1761 and afterward, Maria Theresa became a strong supporter of inoculation (a predecessor immunisation method to smallpox vaccination), setting a strong example by requiring all of her children to be inoculated.

Maria Johanna Gabriela died of smallpox at the age of 12. She was buried in the Imperial Crypt, Vienna, Austria. Her younger sister Archduchess Maria Josepha (1751–1767) also died of smallpox.



Titles, styles, honours and arms

Titles and styles

  • 4 February 1750 &ndash; 23 December 1762 Her Royal Highness Archduchess Maria Johanna Gabriela of Austria, Princess of Hungary and Bohemia, Princess of Tuscany

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