- "Forane" redirects here. For the veterinary anesthetic, see isoflurane. <!--reference: http://www.rxlist.com/cgi/generic/isoflurane.htm-->
is a priest
with supervisory duties over a number of parishes
. The term is most often used in Eastern Orthodoxy
and Eastern Catholic Churches
, although it may be used in the Latin rite
of the Roman Catholic Church
instead of dean
or vicar forane
In the 16th and 17th centuries, during the persecution of Roman Catholics
, an archpriest appointed from Rome
had authority over all of the church's secular clergy
in the country. In the present-day Church of England
, an archpriest closely resembles a Rural or Area Dean
In ancient times, much as the archdeacon
was the head of the diaconate of a diocese, as is still the case in the Eastern Orthodox Church, while the archpriest was first the chief of the presbyterium
of the diocese. His duties included deputising for the Bishop in spiritual matters when necessary.
In the western church, by the Middle Ages
, the title had evolved and was that of the priest of the principal parish
among several local parishes. This priest had general charge of worship in this archpresbyteriate, and the parishioners of the smaller parishes had to attend Sunday Mass
and hold baptisms
at the principal parish while the subordinate parishes instead held daily mass and homilies.
By the time of the Council of Trent
the office of archpriest was replaced by the office of vicar......